MENOPAUSE

healthy free woman smallerMenopause is a normal physiological time of transition, but if you are depleted or your hormones are out of balance, these changes can cause upheaval. Chinese medicine helps keep hormones balanced and healthy throughout life and offers a natural, safe and effective solution for a smooth transition into menopause. Acupuncture and Chinese herbs provide relief from symptoms of menopause that range from annoying to debilitating, including:

  • hot flushes
  • low energy
  • night sweats
  • adrenal fatigue
  • insomnia
  • sluggish metabolism
  • anxiety & mood swings
  • low libido

At Four Gates we take a whole-systems integrative approach to treating menopause, identifying and treating any imbalances that may be stirring up symptoms. For example, people who tend to “run hot” will often suffer worse hot flushes, while those who tend to retain fluid may find that their night sweats are as bad as the hot flushes themselves. Higher stress levels will make the body more sensitive to heat, as the body’s temperature regulation system is impacted by stress and its effects on the nervous system.

Menopausal symptoms are indications of a deeper imbalance in the body, and by treating the underlying cause the symptoms are also alleviated. Acupuncture has been found to reduce the intensity and severity of hot flushes, while Chinese herbs can strengthen adrenals and regulate the liver, providing relief from hot flushes and night sweats, insomnia, anxiety and other symptoms of menopause, and addressing any underlying imbalances. These gentle natural treatments help the body to self-regulate without the need for artificial hormones, supporting the transition into menopause so you feel more like yourself again, with renewed health and vitality.

So what is causing the hot flushes?

The 5-10 years before menstruation ceases is known as perimenopause, a time of rapidly fluctuating hormone levels. Ovarian function slows down, leading to irregular or unpredictable periods, and estrogen and progesterone levels drop and fall out of balance. Other hormonal systems are also affected – a sluggish thyroid can slow metabolism and cause mood swings, and the adrenals are more sensitive to stress, making it harder to concentrate, and harder to fall and stay asleep. Long-term stress also aggravates hormonal imbalance.

Hot flushes are one of the most disruptive symptoms of menopause. Dropping levels of estrogen are thought to affect the brain region responsible for controlling body temperature, the hypothalamus, narrowing its “thermoregulatory zone”. In other words, a small rise in outside temperatures, such as walking into a heated room, is now interpreted as overheating, and the response is to try and cool the body by suddenly increasing blood flow to the skin, which women experience as a hot flush. Hot flushes can be associated with sweating, night sweats and disrupted sleep, chills, anxiety and even heart palpitations.

People with tired adrenals (often from years of overuse, overwork, and stress) can experience worse symptoms during perimenopause – as the ovaries slow down the adrenals should take over to continue to regulate hormones, but if adrenals are depleted the body will find it harder to adjust. Strengthening the adrenals is usually a crucial part of treatment for a smoother, symptom-free transition into menopause. From a Chinese medicine point of view, this translates into “strengthening Kidney energy”, the deep reserves that sustain us throughout life and can become depleted as we mature.

 

Chinese herbs are particularly good at strengthening the adrenals to rebuild the body’s deep energy reserves. They can also balance hormones and regulate the liver, digestion and fluid metabolism, cool and calm to alleviate hot flushes and other symptoms of menopause. These symptoms can vary among women, as can body type and constitution, so we prescribe herbs to fit the individual pattern. Chinese herbs can be taken both to alleviate symptoms in the acute phase, and for ongoing maintenance and support. Lifestyle changes are also important to maintain your results, and we usually recommend reducing consumption of coffee, alcohol and spicy food, all things that have been found to increase heat and flushing.

Acupuncture can help the body relax and manage stress better, and this is good news for treating hot flushes. Studies show that higher stress levels seem to be linked to increased hot flushes and temperature sensitivity. Women experiencing menopausal hot flushes may have an overactive sympathetic nervous system (responsible for the “fight-or-flight” response to stress), while the parasympathetic nervous system (responsible for returning the body to a state of relaxation and restoring digestion and other key processes) is less active. Acupuncture has been found to regulate the parasympathetic nervous system, as it stimulates the vagus nerve, and is an easy way to reduce the effects of stress and bring the body back to a state of cool and calm. Acupuncture offers a safe and effective drug-free treatment for the common but often debilitating symptoms of menopause, balancing hormones naturally while also helping relieve symptoms. In 2015, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials found that acupuncture reduces the frequency and severity of hot flushes and these beneficial effects persisted for at least 3 months after treatment (Chui HY, Menopause, 2015). With acupuncture treatment, most women notice a reduction in the frequency and intensity of their hot flushes and night sweats and improved sleep, energy, and moods. We recommend an initial course of weekly acupuncture sessions for 4-6 weeks, followed by fortnightly then monthly sessions to consolidate the treatment

 

References and further reading

Effects of acupuncture on menopause-related symptoms and quality of life in women in natural menopause: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Chui, HY et. al. Menopause: 2015 Feb;22(2):234-44.

The Hormone Cure – Sara Gottfried (Scribner, 2013)

Menopause-related Symptoms: Traditional Chinese Medicine vs Hormone Therapy. Azizi, H et. al., Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine: 2011;17(4):48-53.